Law Fraud

The Perils of Unlicensed Immigration Representation: A Cautionary Tale from New York

The recent indictment of Pablo Israel Ortega Cuenca, a New York City resident accused of posing as an immigration attorney, serves as a stark reminder of the dangers posed by unlicensed legal representation. This case, brought forward by the Manhattan District Attorney's Office, underscores the importance of due diligence in seeking legal assistance, especially in matters as critical as immigration.

The Charges and Allegations

Cuenca faces serious charges, including grand larceny and immigration assistance fraud, for his alleged misconduct between February 2017 and October 2019. He reportedly duped numerous clients into believing he was a licensed immigration attorney affiliated with reputable organizations like the Center for Migration Studies and the Spanish Consulate.

The Impact of Fraudulent Practice

The consequences of Cuenca’s alleged actions are profound:

Financial Exploitation: He is accused of collecting over $11,000 in legal fees under false pretenses.

Misguidance and Legal Risks: Clients were advised to file meritless claims, and he allegedly missed crucial court dates, jeopardizing their legal standing and potentially exposing them to deportation.

The District Attorney's Stance

District Attorney Alvin Bragg emphasized the betrayal of trust and the exploitation of individuals seeking a path to permanent residency. This case is not just about financial fraud; it's about the manipulation of individuals' hopes and dreams for a secure future in the United States.

Legal Representation and Court Proceedings

Cuenca, who pleaded not guilty, is represented by Daudi Justin of Neighborhood Defender Services, with his next court appearance scheduled for May 8. The prosecution is led by Luis Morales and Stephen MacArthur of the Manhattan District Attorney's Office.

The Broader Implications for Immigration Law

This case highlights the critical need for vigilance in choosing legal representation in immigration matters. It also calls for a stronger regulatory framework to prevent such exploitation and a more informed public aware of the qualifications necessary for legitimate legal assistance in immigration.


The indictment of Pablo Israel Ortega Cuenca is a sobering reminder of the vulnerability of immigrants seeking legal assistance. As immigration attorneys, we must reaffirm our commitment to ethical practice and client education to safeguard against such fraudulent activities.


This blog post is based on the article "NY Man Indicted For Posing As Immigration Attorney" by Chart Riggall, Law360, published on January 11, 2024.

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